Auditing - Overview

An audit is independent examination of financial information of any entity.

An audit is independent examination of financial information of any entity, whether profit oriented or not, and irrespective of its size or legal form, when such an examination is conducted with a view to expressing an opinion thereon. this definition has the following implications:


# Audit is independent examination.
# examination is of financial information when the objective is to express an opinion.
Requirement of audit applies in case of every entity, whether profit oriented or not (commercial entities or NGOs), whatever is the business size of entity (Small Size entity or large size entity), whatever is the legal form of the entity (proprietor, partnership or company). An audit is conducted to achieve following
# The objective of an audit of financial statements, prepared within a framework of recognised accounting policies and practices and relevant statutory requirements, if any, is to enable an auditor to express an opinion on such financial statements.
# The auditor’s opinion helps determination of the true and fair view of the financial position and operating results of an enterprise.
# The user, however, should not assume that the auditor’s opinion is an assurance as to the future viability of the enterprise or the efficiency or effectiveness with which management has conducted the affairs of the enterprise.
# Auditor should review and assess the conclusions drawn from the audit evidence obtained and from his knowledge of business of the entity as the basis for the expression of his opinion on the financial information. Scope of audit The scope of audit is determined by the auditor having regard to following:
# Terms of the Audit Engagement
# Requirement of Relevant Statute.
# Pronouncements of the ICAI. However, the terms of engagement cannot supersede the requirements of statute or pronouncements of ICAI.